Verses for Introspection

Shloka 99 yadaa yat kartumaayaati

Ma Gurupriya

  • Shloka 99 yadaa yat kartumaayaati

    Ma Gurupriya

Characteristics Of A Knower

यदा यत्कर्तुमायाति तदा तत्कुरुते ऋजुः ।
शुभं वाप्यशुभं वापि तस्य चेष्टा हि बालवत् ॥
– अष्टावक्र-संहिता १८.४९

yadā yat kartumāyāti tadā tatkurute ṛju: |
śubhaṃ vāpyaśubhaṃ vāpi tasya ceṣṭā hi bālavat ||
– Aṣṭāvakra-samhitā: 18.49


(The Wise one) does in a straight forward manner whatever comes and is required to be done, irrespective of considerations of good or evil; for all his actions are like those of a child.

Points for Introspection:

A great and noble Soul who has realized the Self, moves about in this world, never distressed by the circumstances. Like the vast ocean, he remains unagitated and stable even in the midst of huge waves of adversities. Anchored ever in the Self, a Knower does everything with equanimity.

How does he remain like that? Why is it that ordinary people of the world are not able to do so? Everybody wants to be happy and peaceful in life, but why is it that they fail miserably? What is there in a realized soul which makes him peaceful and happy always, even in simple day to day living?

This shloka describes the attitude of a Self-knower. A Knower of Self does freely any action that comes his way. Having a mind which has transcended all desires, likes and dislikes, preference and prejudice towards any work, he does everything that has to be done spontaneously, perfectly and joyfully. He derives happiness from his own Self, as happiness is his real nature.

The behaviour of a Self-realized person can be compared to that of a child. A child has no preference or prejudice and hence is absolutely free in his mind. He moves about happily without any worry whatsoever. He may be playing at one time, but suddenly would leave everything and run to the window hearing some sound from the road. Then again he may remember something else and run to the mother. At one time, he may take a liking for a particular toy or a person, but having no attachment to anything, would become completely indifferent to those at the very next moment. In all the activities that a child does, since he has no preference to good or bad, he always has a cheerful and a carefree mind.

Although a Self-realized person is ever seated in the Self, he still remains active in his day-to-day living. He does not take up any desire-motivated activity, but performs various trifling as well as herculean deeds whatever comes to be done. Having transcended likes and dislikes, he enjoys freedom in doing anything. He neither broods over the past, nor does he worry about the future. Freed of all expectations, clinging and hatred, he is always delightful like a child.

Our life is full of preconceived ideas, desires and expectations. We feel that happiness will be achieved only when life flows in the manner in which we have planned. In reality, events in life take place in a completely different manner, taking even a contrary turn which we never wanted. Life becomes sorrowful because of preferences and expectations that we set in our mind.

Whatever are the characteristics of a Knower, are actually the pursuit (saadhana) of a seeker. From this shloka, we have to learn how the mind should be light and free at all times just like that of a child. Whatever event comes our way, we should deal with it as it comes, without having any preference, never feeling burdened or distressed. This will be possible only when we live in communion with the Self. For the mind which is free of desires and does not feel burdened by expectations, every moment becomes full of joy and peace.

Word Meaning:

यदा (yadā) = when; यत् (yat) = whatever, which; कर्तुम् (kartum) = to be done; आयाति (āyāti) = comes; तदा (tadā) = then; तत् (tat) = that; कुरुते (kurute) = does; ऋजुः (ṛju:) = in a straightforward manner; शुभं (śubhaṃ) = good; वा अपि (vā api) = either; अशुभं (aśubhaṃ) = evil; वा अपि (vā api) = or even, also; तस्य (tasya) = his; चेष्टा (ceṣṭā) = action; हि (hi) = indeed; बालवत् (bālavat) = like that of a child;


यदा यत् शुभं वा अपि अशुभं वा अपि कर्तुम् आयाति, तदा (धीरः) ऋजुः (सन्) तत् कुरुते, तस्य चेष्टा बालवत् हि (भवति) ।

yadā yat śubhaṃ vā api aśubhaṃ vā api kartum āyāti, tadā (dhīra:) ṛju: (san ) tat kurute, tasya ceṣṭā bālavat hi (bhavati) .

Verses for Introspection

Shloka 99 yadaa yat kartumaayaati

Ma Gurupriya

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